⒈ Psychodynamic Approach To Counseling Essay
The interpretation of dreams. McLeod points out Psychodynamic Approach To Counseling Essay in person centered Psychodynamic Approach To Counseling Essay, questions are only Psychodynamic Approach To Counseling Essay to clients when necessary and may also answer Psychodynamic Approach To Counseling Essay if asked by clients, as this Psychodynamic Approach To Counseling Essay supports to create the Can Man Play The Role Of God In Frankenstein Essay of the relationship. Simply Psychology. If you continue, we will assume that you agree to our Cookies Psychodynamic Approach To Counseling Essay. Positive outcomes like quality of Psychodynamic Approach To Counseling Essay form a basis of life-satisfaction measure report. The main symptoms of depression are the feeling of helplessness, anxiety and guilt.
Psychodynamic Therapy Role-Play - Defense Mechanisms and Free Association
This cements the fact that selfhood can never be described in terms of ok-ness as the theory offers. The Alderian therapy is very useful in handling clients who want healing from past hurts, for instance a person who thinks that al women are evil and unlovable because his mother was cruel. Such thoughts are twisted and are reflective of psychological dysfunction. The Alderian counseling approach views this dysfunction not as mentally sick but an effect of discouragement. When the therapist leads the client to incorporate productive thoughts to his daily life then the client is able to tear himself from restricting thoughts from his past disappointments.
Essentially, the therapy session enables the client to relive the past and confront unresolved conflicts that hold him back from living a fulfilling life. The best part about Alderian therapy is that it does not limit the interaction to theoretical frameworks rather it pushes for shorter sessions and follow in the steps of what is in the best interest of the client. Other desirable characteristics of the Alderian are that the brief sessions do not drain the energy of the client and similarly, it is based on present and future orientation. This means that what the client derives from the sessions is applicable to future situations. Compared to psychodynamic counseling therapy, the alderian therapy is less intense and brief.
This makes the therapy suitable for the fairly busy individuals who want to experience healing from the past within a shorter timeframe. The Alderian therapy is not without its limitations. According to Corey the basic concepts in this model are vague and not empirical. This is because they lack a precise definition and carry an ambiguous connation; hence it is difficult to validate the conclusions from this therapy. More to that, theory has been criticized for its oversimplification of the human interaction p This is because human beings are complex and to fully develop ones potential, a blend of variables come to play not just the past childhood experiences or ones perceptions.
As Corey points out in his book. Some clients may view the counselor as an authority who will provide answers to problems, which conflicts with the egalitarian person to person spirit as a way to reduce social distance. Corey, In page in Corey manual Alderian therapy is viewed as one that lacks credibility since its concepts are not testable, precise and heavily rely on common sense. A problem like healing from past hurts should not be written off as merely a simple problem. The underlying issues may be more complex and destructive and this needs to be explored in details. Alderian therapy fails to deliver from this perspective. At the same time, Alderian theory is limited in the sense that clients who seek immediate solution to their problem may not benefit from it.
This is because it takes up a lot of time to explore childhood experience of which by the end of the day may be of little or no use to solving the problem at hand. Alderian therapy also make use of dreams especially those that recur frequently to make inferences of a clients lifestyle functioning. Clark p. This assumption again is not reliable because analysis of a dream proves difficult since most times dreams are incoherent and easily forgotten. Lastly the approach yields little effectiveness to clients who do not understand the rationale behind assessment and exploration of past experiences and current lifestyle as a method of solving problems. In summary, the efficacy of different counseling modalities varies while working with different human problems. Some approaches befit certain human problems more than others.
This accentuates the importance of a multidimensional approach whereby the therapist has many tools at his disposal to choose from. By and large the therapist should pick the most suitable approach for any given clients needs. Richmond, R. A guide to psychology and its practice. Corey, G. Clark A. Psychology Press. Mulhauser, G. Berne, E. Grove Press. The counsellors main motive is to relate to the client in such a way that he or she can find there sense of self direction. Carl Rodgers was the founder of person centred therapy. Rodgers proposed that human beings were always in the process of becoming rather than being in a fixed state. As humans we have the captivity to develop in a basically positive direction given the right conditions.
Rodgers proposed that when the conditions were growth promoting an individual could develop into a fully functioning person. Rodgers described his approach as a basic philosophy rather than a simple technique which empowers the individual and leads to personal and social transformation, grounded in empathic understanding being non-judgemental and congruent. For this reason the person centred approach is often seen as touchy feel relation and seen as soft skilled that lacks structure, sometimes said as a way of preparing the road for real therapy. However it does have a clear theory of self, the creation of distrees and the tehraputic process.
Freud is regarded as the founder of modern psychology, developing psychoanalysis. The therapy is based on the idea that a great deal of the individual behavior are not within conscious control. Therefor the main emphasis is to help the client get to the deep root of the problem often thought, to stem from childhood. Based on the principle that childhood experiences effect our behavior as adults and effect out thinking processe, Freud belived that these thoughts and feelings can become repressed and may manifest themselves as depression or other negative symptoms.
The client is able to reveal unconscious thought by talking freely aboput thought that enter their mind the analysis will attempt to interpratate and make sence of the clients experiances. Deeply burtied experiances are expressed and the opportunity to share tehase thoughts and feelings can help the client work through thease problems. Clients are asked to try and transfer thougts and feelings they have towords people in their life on the analyst this process is called transfernace the success depends on how the analysats and client work together. Psychoanalysis can be life changing if successful howver around 7 years of therpay is needed to discover the full unconcious mind. Psychoanalytic therapy is based on freuds work of pychoanalysis but less intensive it is found to be bennaficial for clients who want to understand more about tehmselves and useful to people who feel tehir problems have affcted them for a long period of time and need reliving of emotional disstress.
Through deep exploration client and therapist try to understand the inner life of the client. Uncovering the uncocncious needs and thoughts may help the client understand how their past experiances affect their life today. It can also help them to work out how they can live a more fulfilling life. Person centred counselling and psychoanalytic therapy are both off springs of two great minded people Sigmund Freud and carl Rodgers the originators of these two approaches. Freud based his framework on his medical background , Rodgers was influenced by excistential phillosphy were the person is there central role in their growth and change.
Some similarities can be drawn from a comparison betwewen the two models they both want to widen the concioussness but this is done in different means. Psychonalsis aims to make the unconscious conscious and by doing this helps the person gain controle over their thought and feelings. And the person cneterd approach helps the client to overcome a state of incongruence whilst psychoanalytic objective is two seek the repressed childhood experiances.
The person centerd works through the concioussness by focusing on the here and now. Kahn compares the term incongruence with psychoanalytic defence mechanism repression. To him both are the same thing but different versions. These affect our mood in a way we have no control over because they are unconscious, and conditions such as depression play a crucial part in understanding why individuals suffer from the illness.
There are seven defence mechanisms in total, but only three can be applied to suffers from depression; Repression, Reaction Formation and Denial. Repression pushes feelings that individuals have that they do not want to feel into their unconscious mind. For instance, rape victims often suffer from depression and may have repressed feelings of guilt or blame after the event. They could believe that they could have avoided the event if they had done something different, i.
Because they do not want to feel this emotion, it becomes repressed, meaning they are not even aware of it in their conscious mind, and the feeling remains unconscious. This causes emotional difficulty and influences behaviour that they are not aware of, and it is not a long-term solution. Outbursts of anger and loneliness are some side affects of repression and also symptoms of depression. Reaction Formation is a defence mechanism individuals suffering from depression use unconsciously to reduce anxiety and suppress undesirable characteristics.
Reaction formation would occur when the individual would act dramatically extrovert, seeking attention in social groups by being loud or criticizing quiet introvert behaviour. Psychoanalysts would view those characteristics they portray are only a defence mechanism to show social groups and families that they are not suffering due to a loss or grievance. The last defence mechanism that can be applied to depression is denial. People sometimes refuse to believe events or admit they are experiencing certain emotions that provoke anxiety. In the most obvious explanation for a depressant, they may not believe that they are depressed, the same as an alcoholic would not believe they were dependant on alcohol.
Humanism approaches mental health similarly to psychoanalysis when it comes to treating the issue, but they differ most in diagnosis and finding a route that causes depressive behaviour. Depression is a form of neuroses, although it is medicated before counselling is given that which is similar to psychoses in many cases. Many symptoms of depression, such as extreme anxiety levels and severe mood swings, could be seen as psychoses conditions that need the individual to be hospitalized and medicated.
She suffered symptoms of; paralysis, disturbed vision, cough, high anxiety and hallucinations. Both Freud and Breuer concluded and diagnosed Anna O with Hysteria, also known as somatization disorder. Breuer treated Anna O; techniques used included; free association, dream analysis, and hypnotherapy, all of which were designed to uncover emotions, fears, feelings, and events deep within what Freud believed as the unconscious mind.Core Concepts and Theory in the Transpersonal… Cyp core 3. The major causes of behavior have their origin in the unconscious. Pseudomeningocele Case Study superego incorporates the values Psychodynamic Approach To Counseling Essay morals of society Psychodynamic Approach To Counseling Essay are learned from one's parents and others.