① Compare And Contrast The Jacksonian Era And The Progressive Era

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Compare And Contrast The Jacksonian Era And The Progressive Era



The s — s are a little less clear-cut than other eras, but since the North has mostly voted Blue and the South Red. Do Frederick Douglass Tone Analysis say the Clintons or Bushs grew out of the bourbon liberals, or do we say Compare And Contrast The Jacksonian Era And The Progressive Era and Coolidge did? Likewise, are not Compare And Contrast The Jacksonian Era And The Progressive Era of Hamilton more Republican and aspects Compare And Contrast The Jacksonian Era And The Progressive Era Jefferson more modern Democrat, honestly, I could make a case for it. Reform and Culture Graphic Organizer Regine Boykin Explain how it will help Describe the next steps Refer back to the pros and cons Effect on People The Poor Women Description A comprehensive graphic organizer that asks students to identify the social, political, and economic problems in late 19th century America and the progressive Compare And Contrast The Jacksonian Era And The Progressive Era proposed Compare And Contrast The Jacksonian Era And The Progressive Era solve katie perry roar problems. Grant and the vigorous use of federal courts Compare And Contrast The Jacksonian Era And The Progressive Era soldiers in — I Compare And Contrast The Jacksonian Era And The Progressive Era, I agree, LBJ is a Dixicrat who probably makes a power Sexual Connotations In Advertising of sorts with his Compare And Contrast The Jacksonian Era And The Progressive Era legislation. Noyes believed that the act of final conversion led to absolute and complete release from sin. Chapter 2. Prologue to war: England and the United States, —

HIST 2111 24 - Jacksonian Era

Blacks could not serve on juries, which meant that they had little if any legal recourse. In Black Boy , an autobiographical account of life during this time, Richard Wright writes about being struck with a bottle and knocked from a moving truck for failing to call a white man "sir". During this migration, black people left the racism and lack of opportunities in the South and settled in northern cities like Chicago , where they found work in factories and other sectors of the economy. The migration also empowered the growing civil rights movement. Most of the major events in the movement occurred in the South, including the Montgomery bus boycott , the Mississippi Freedom Summer , the Selma to Montgomery marches , and the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.

In addition, some of the most important writings to come out of the movement were written in the South, such as King's " Letter from Birmingham Jail ". In the decades before the s, there were only a few scattered large cities in the region, with small courthouse towns serving the mostly rural population. Local politics revolved around the politicians and lawyers based at the courthouse. Mill towns, primarily focused on textile production or tobacco product manufacture, began opening in the Piedmont region, especially in the Carolinas. Racial segregation and outward signs of inequality were commonplace in many rural areas and rarely challenged. Blacks who violated the color line were liable to expulsion or lynching.

The number of small farms in rural areas overtime proliferated, and became smaller and smaller as the population grew. Many white farmers, and some black farmers, were tenant farmers who owned their work animals and tools, and rented their land. Others were day laborers or impoverished sharecroppers, who worked under the supervision of the landowner. Sharecropping was a way for landless farmers both black and white to earn a living. The landowner provided land, housing, tools and seed, and perhaps a mule, and a local merchant loaned money for food and supplies.

At harvest time, the sharecropper received a share of the crop from one-third to one-half , which paid off his debt to the merchant. By the late s, white farmers had also become sharecroppers. The cropper system was a step below that of the tenant farmer, who rented the land, provided his own tools and mule, and received half the crop. There was little cash in circulation, since most farmers operated on credit accounts from local merchants, and paid off their debts at cotton harvest time in the fall. Although there were small country churches everywhere, there were only a few dilapidated schools in rural areas. High schools were available in the cities, but were hard to find in most rural areas. All the Southern high schools combined graduated 66, students in The school terms were shorter in the South, and total spending per student was much lower.

Nationwide, the students in elementary and secondary schools attended days of school in , compared to days for white children in the South and 95 for blacks. Hookworm and other diseases sapped the vitality of many Southerners in rural areas. Economic historians of the South generally emphasize the continuity of the system of white supremacy and cotton plantations in the Black Belt from the late colonial era into the midth century, when it collapsed.

In the decades after World War II, the old agrarian Southern economy evolved into the "New South" — a manufacturing region with strong roots in laissez-faire capitalism. There were 1. The U. Census stopped counting sharecroppers because they were so few. The industrialization and modernization of the South continued to pick up speed with the ending of racial segregation policies in the s. Today, the economy of the South is a diverse mixture of agriculture, light and heavy industry, tourism, and high technology companies, and is becoming increasingly integrated into the global economy.

The newcomers and growing population within the region helped in displacing the old rural political system, built around courthouse cliques from the late 19th century through s. The suburbs became the base of the emerging Republican Party within the region, which became dominant in presidential elections by , and in most state politics by the s. With the economy growing into other job sectors during the mid-to-late 20th century, farming was less emphasized as before and the remaining farmers more often specialized in things such as soybeans and cattle, or citrus in Florida.

The need for cotton pickers ended with the utilization of picking machines after , and nearly all of the black cotton farmers moved to urban areas either within the region, or to cities in the North or Midwest. Whites who had been former farmers, usually moved to nearby towns. The mid-to-late 20th century also saw many factories and service industries opening in towns throughout the region for employment. Millions of non-Southern U. Often times they have moved into homes located near the coast, which, over the years, resulted in increasingly expensive hurricane damages. Apart from the still-distinctive climate, the living experience in the South increasingly resembles a melting pot of cultures in many places, especially in urban and metropolitan areas.

The arrival of millions of non-southern U. During the history of the United States , many of the 45 [a] individuals who have served as U. Virginia was the birthplace of seven of the nation's first twelve presidents including four of the first five. This list encompasses members of the Whig Party , the Republican Party , and the Democratic Party ; in addition, Washington, while officially non-partisan, was generally associated with the Federalist Party.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Aspect of history. The neutrality of this article is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Timeline and periods. By group. See also. Historiography List of years in the United States. Main article: Colonial history of the United States. Main article: Colonial South and the Chesapeake. Main article: Slavery in the colonial United States. Further information: Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War. Further information: Antebellum South. Main article: Slavery in the United States. See also: Nullification and Nullification Crisis.

Main article: Emancipation Proclamation. See also: Confederate railroads in the American Civil War. Main article: Sherman's March to the Sea. Main articles: Reconstruction Era and Civil rights movement — Further information: Black Belt in the American South. Main article: Southern United States. While there have been 46 presidencies, only 45 individuals have served as president. Grover Cleveland served two non-consecutive terms and is numbered as both the 22nd and 24th U. Knights of Spain, Warriors of the Sun. University of Georgia Press. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN Roanoke: The Abandoned Colony. Colonial Virginia: A History.

KTO Press. Colonial Georgia: A History. Scribner's Sons. University of North Carolina Press. Leon Greenwood Press. Edgar South Carolina: A History. University of South Carolina Press. The South in the Revolution, — LSU Press. Crow and Larry E. Tise, eds. Retrieved October 11, The Impending Crisis, — Harper Collins. Cook and William L. Davis, Look Away! A History of the Confederate States of America West Virginia: A History 2nd ed. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. Columbia : U. Mississippi Valley Historical Review.

JSTOR McPherson Oxford University Press. Jefferson Davis, American: A Biography. New York: Alfred A. Civil War History. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill. Southerner vs. Warfare History Network. Retrieved August 14, Why the South Lost the Civil War. Southern Storm: Sherman's March to the Sea. New York: HarperCollins.

Clayton University Press of Mississippi. Reid, "Sharecropping as an understandable market response: The post-bellum South. A History of the South, — New York: Prentice-Hall. A Short History of Charleston. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press. Numbers and Losses in the Civil War in America — Boston: Houghton, Mifflin. David PMID The South since New York: Macmillan. Journal of Southern History. The Betrayal of the Negro from Rutherford B. Hayes to Woodrow Wilson. New York: Da Capo Press. Black Boy. I Am a Man! Race, Manhood, and the Civil Rights Movement. February 12, Not How You Think. Retrieved June 7, Census Bureau. Archived from the original PDF on January 20, Cambridge: Belknap Press.

ISBN X. Cambridge University Press. Department of Commerce Statistical Abstract of the United States: Southern Regions of the United States. Social History of Medicine. Vann The Origins of the New South, — The Emergence of the New South, — Boles, and Evelyn Thomas Nolen, eds. Higginbotham LSU Press, pp. Fortune companies , by state Statista. Globalization and the American South. Athens: University of Georgia Press. The New Economy and the Modern South. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.

The Rise of Southern Republicans. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. The South. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Gibbs Social Forces. S2CID Gibbs, eds. The New Politics of North Carolina. What Caused the Civil War? Reflections on the South and Southern History. New York: Norton. Retrieved November 22, Authority control: National libraries United States. Categories : History of the Southern United States. Hidden categories: Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated statements CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Articles with short description Short description matches Wikidata NPOV disputes from February All NPOV disputes Use mdy dates from September All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from April Articles with unsourced statements from September Articles with unsourced statements from July Articles with LCCN identifiers.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Many died of disease and privation in the "Trail of Tears". Toward the end of his first term, Jackson was forced to confront the state of South Carolina on the issue of the protective tariff. The protective tariff passed by Congress and signed into law by Jackson in was milder than that of , but it further embittered many in the state. In response, several South Carolina citizens endorsed the " states rights " principle of "nullification", which was enunciated by John C.

South Carolina dealt with the tariff by adopting the Ordinance of Nullification, which declared both the Tariff of and the Tariff of null and void within state borders. Nullification was only the most recent in a series of state challenges to the authority of the federal government. In response to South Carolina's threat, Jackson sent seven small naval vessels and a man-of-war to Charleston in November On December 10, he issued a resounding proclamation against the nullifiers. South Carolina, the President declared, stood on "the brink of insurrection and treason", and he appealed to the people of the state to reassert their allegiance to that Union for which their ancestors had fought.

Senator Henry Clay, though an advocate of protection and a political rival of Jackson, piloted a compromise measure through Congress. The rest of the South declared South Carolina's course unwise and unconstitutional. Eventually, South Carolina rescinded its action. Jackson had committed the federal government to the principle of Union supremacy. South Carolina, however, had obtained many of the demands it sought and had demonstrated that a single state could force its will on Congress.

Even before the nullification issue had been settled, another controversy arose to challenge Jackson's leadership. It concerned the rechartering of the Second Bank of the United States. The First Bank of the United States had been established in , under Alexander Hamilton's guidance and had been chartered for a year period. After the Revolutionary War, the United States had a large war debt to France and others, and the banking system of the fledgling nation was in disarray, as state banks printed their own currency, and the plethora of different bank notes made commerce difficult.

Hamilton's national bank had been chartered to solve the debt problem and to unify the nation under one currency. While it stabilized the currency and stimulated trade, it was resented by Westerners and workers who believed that it was granting special favors to a few powerful men. When its charter expired in , it was not renewed. For the next few years, the banking business was in the hands of State-Chartered banks, which issued currency in excessive amounts, creating great confusion and fueling inflation and concerns that state banks could not provide the country with a uniform currency. The absence of a national bank during the War of greatly hindered financial operations of the government; therefore a second Bank of the United States was created in From its inception, the Second Bank was unpopular in the newer states and territories and with less prosperous people everywhere.

Opponents claimed the bank possessed a virtual monopoly over the country's credit and currency, and reiterated that it represented the interests of the wealthy elite. Jackson, elected as a popular champion against it, vetoed a bill to recharter the bank. He also detested banks due to a brush with bankruptcy in his youth. In his message to Congress, he denounced monopoly and special privilege, saying that "our rich men have not been content with equal protection and equal benefits, but have besought us to make them richer by act of Congress". In the election campaign that followed, the bank question caused a fundamental division between the merchant, manufacturing and financial interests generally creditors who favored tight money and high interest rates , and the laboring and agrarian sectors, who were often in debt to banks and therefore favored an increased money supply and lower interest rates.

The outcome was an enthusiastic endorsement of "Jacksonism". Jackson saw his reelection in as a popular mandate to crush the bank irrevocably; he found a ready-made weapon in a provision of the bank's charter authorizing removal of public funds. In September Jackson ordered that no more government money be deposited in the bank and that the money already in its custody be gradually withdrawn in the ordinary course of meeting the expenses of government. Carefully selected state banks, stringently restricted, were provided as a substitute. For the next generation, the US would get by on a relatively unregulated state banking system. This banking system helped fuel westward expansion through easy credit, but kept the nation vulnerable to periodic panics.

It was not until the Civil War that the Federal government again chartered a national bank. Jackson groomed Martin van Buren as his successor, and he was easily elected president in However, a few months into his administration, the country fell into a deep economic slump known as the Panic of , caused in large part by excessive speculation. Banks failed and unemployment soared. It was a devastating economic and social Catastrophe that can be compared with the panic of and the Great Depression of , an event with repercussions every bit as deep as the Great Depression of the s. There was an international dimension, for much of the growth In the private sector, as well as infrastructure investment by state governments especially canals had been financed by British capital.

Several states and corporations defaulted permanently on their debts owed to London. Investment in America became a dubious proposition for Europeans, so American access to capital sharply declined for decades. The depression had its roots in Jackson's economic hard money policies that blocked investment using paper money, insisting on gold and silver. But he had retired so his chosen successor van Buren was blamed for the disaster. In the presidential election, he was defeated by the Whig candidate William Henry Harrison and his running on a "People's Crusade" platform, despite descending from a plantation family. John Tyler , the new vice president, succeeded him. Tyler was not popular since he had not been elected to the presidency, and was widely referred to as "His Accidency".

He rejected Wake economic policies, so that party expelled him, and The Whigs lost their opportunity to reshape government policy. Economic historians have explored the high degree of financial and economic instability in the Jacksonian era. For the most part, they follow the conclusions of Peter Temin , who absolved Jackson's policies, and blamed international events beyond American control, such as conditions in Mexico, China and Britain. A survey of economic historians in show that the vast majority concur with Temin's conclusion that "the inflation and financial crisis of the s had their origin in events largely beyond President Jackson's control and would have taken place whether or not he had acted as he did vis-a-vis the Second Bank of the U. Spurred on by the Second Great Awakening , Americans entered a period of rapid social change and experimentation.

New social movements arose, as well as many new alternatives to traditional religious thought. This period of American history was marked by the destruction of some traditional roles of society and the erection of new social standards. One of the unique aspects of the Age of Reform was that it was heavily grounded in religion, unlike the anti-clericalism that characterized contemporary European reformers. The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival movement that flourished in — in every region. It expressed Arminian theology by which every person could be saved through a direct personal confrontation with Jesus Christ during an intensely emotional revival meeting.

Millions joined the churches, often new denominations. Many converts believed that the Awakening heralded a new millennial age , so that the Second Great Awakening stimulated the establishment of many reform movements designed to remedy the evils of society before the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. At the Rochester Revival of , prominent citizens concerned with the city's poverty and absenteeism had invited Finney to the city. The wave of religious revival contributed to tremendous growth of the Methodist, Baptists, Disciples, and other evangelical denominations. As the Second Great Awakening challenged the traditional beliefs of the Calvinist faith, the movement inspired other groups to call into question their views on religion and society.

Many of these utopianist groups also believed in millennialism which prophesied the return of Christ and the beginning of a new age. The Harmony Society made three attempts to effect a millennial society with the most notable example at New Harmony, Indiana. Frenchman Charles Fourier began a similar secular experiment with his "phalanxes" spread across the Midwestern United States. However, none of these utopian communities lasted very long except for the Shakers. One of the earliest movements was that of the Shakers , who held all their possessions in " common " and lived in a prosperous, inventive, self-supporting society, with no sexual activity. The Shakers condemned sexuality and demanded absolute celibacy. New members could only come from conversions, and from children brought to the Shaker villages.

The Shakers persisted into the 20th century, but lost most of their originality by the middle of the 19th century. They are famed for their artistic craftsmanship, especially their furniture and handicrafts. Noyes believed that the act of final conversion led to absolute and complete release from sin. The Onedia Community believed in the abolition of marriage or monogamous relationships and that sex should be free to whoever consented to it.

As opposed to 20th century social movements such as the Sexual Revolution of the s, the Onedians did not seek consequence-free sex for mere pleasure, but believed that, because the logical outcome of intercourse was pregnancy, that raising children should be a communal responsibility. After the original founders died or became elderly, their children rejected the concept of free love and returned to traditional family models. Transforming into a joint-stock company, Oneida thrived for many years and continues today as a silverware company. Joseph Smith also experienced a religious conversion in this era; under his guidance Mormon history began.

Because of their unusual beliefs, which included recognition of the Book of Mormon as an additional book of scripture comparable to the Bible, Mormons were rejected by mainstream Christians and forced to flee en masse from upstate New York to Ohio, to Missouri and then to Nauvoo, Illinois , where Smith was killed and they were again forced to flee. In , the region came under American control and later formed the Utah Territory. National policy was to suppress polygamy, and Utah was only admitted as a state in after The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints backtracked from Smith's demand that all the leaders practice polygamy. For Americans wishing to bridge the gap between the earthly and spiritual worlds, spiritualism provided a means of communing with the dead.

Spiritualists used mediums to communicate between the living and the dead through a variety of different means. The most famous mediums, the Fox sisters claimed a direct link to the spirit world. Spiritualism would gain a much larger following after the heavy number of casualties during the Civil War; First Lady Mary Todd Lincoln was a believer. Other groups seeking spiritual awakening gained popularity in the midth century. Philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson began the American transcendentalist movement in New England, to promote self-reliance and better understanding of the universe through contemplation of the over-soul.

Transcendentalism was essentially an American offshoot of the Romantic movement in Europe. Among transcendentalists' core beliefs was an ideal spiritual state that "transcends" the physical, and is only realized through intuition rather than doctrine. Like many of the movements, the transcendentalists split over the idea of self-reliance. While Emerson and Henry David Thoreau promoted the idea of independent living, George Ripley brought transcendentalists together in a phalanx at Brook Farm to live cooperatively. So many of these new religious and spiritual groups began or concentrated within miles of each other in upstate New York that this area was nicknamed "the burned-over district " because so few people had not converted.

Education in the United States had long been a local affair with schools governed by locally elected school boards. As with much of the culture of the United States, education varied widely in the North and the South. In the New England states public education was common, although it was often class-based with the working class receiving little benefits. Instruction and curriculum were all locally determined and teachers were expected to meet rigorous demands of strict moral behaviour. Schools taught religious values and applied Calvinist philosophies of discipline which included corporal punishment and public humiliation. In the South, there was very little organization of a public education system. Public schools were very rare and most education took place in the home with the family acting as instructors.

The wealthier planter families hired tutors for instruction in the classics , but many yeoman farming families had little access to education outside of the family unit. The reform movement in education began in Massachusetts when Horace Mann started the common school movement. Mann advocated a statewide curriculum and instituted financing of school through local property taxes. Mann also fought protracted battles against the Calvinist influence in discipline, preferring positive reinforcement to physical punishment. The readings inculcated moral values as well as literacy. Most states tried to emulate Massachusetts, and New England retained its leadership position for another century. German immigrants brought in kindergartens and the Gymnasium school , while Yankee orators sponsored the Lyceum movement that provided popular education for hundreds of towns and small cities.

The social conscience that was raised in the early 19th century helped to elevate the awareness of mental illness and its treatment. A leading advocate of reform for mental illness was Dorothea Dix , a Massachusetts woman who made an intensive study of the conditions that the mentally ill were kept in. Dix's report to the Massachusetts state legislature along with the development of the Kirkbride Plan helped to alleviate the miserable conditions for many of the mentally ill. Although these facilities often fell short of their intended purpose, reformers continued to follow Dix's advocacy and call for increased study and treatment of mental illness.

Zagarri argues the Revolution created an ongoing debate on the rights of women and created an environment favorable to women's participation in politics. She asserts that for a brief decades, a "comprehensive transformation in women's rights, roles, and responsibilities seemed not only possible but perhaps inevitable" p. During the building of the new republic, American women gained a limited political voice in what is known as republican motherhood.

Under this philosophy, as promoted by leaders such as Abigail Adams , women were seen as the protectors of liberty and republicanism. Mothers were charged with passing down these ideals to their children through instruction of patriotic thoughts and feelings. During the s and s, many of the changes in the status of women that occurred in the post-Revolutionary period—such as the belief in love between spouses and the role of women in the home—continued at an accelerated pace. This was an age of reform movements, in which Americans sought to improve the moral fiber of themselves and of their nation in unprecedented numbers.

The wife's role in this process was important because she was seen as the cultivator of morality in her husband and children. Besides domesticity, women were also expected to be pious, pure, and submissive to men. These four components were considered by many at the time to be "the natural state" of womanhood, echoes of this ideology still existing today.

The view that the wife should find fulfillment in these values is called the Cult of True Womanhood or the Cult of Domesticity. In the South, tradition still abounded with society women on the pedestal and dedicated to entertaining and hosting others. This phenomenon is reflected in the book, The Inevitable Guest , based on a collection of letters by friends and relatives in North and South Carolina to Miss Jemima Darby, a distant relative of the author. Under the doctrine of two spheres, women were to exist in the "domestic sphere" at home while their husbands operated in the "public sphere" of politics and business.

Women took on the new role of "softening" their husbands and instructing their children in piety and not republican values, while men handled the business and financial affairs of the family. Some doctors of this period even went so far as to suggest that women should not get an education, lest they divert blood away from the uterus to the brain and produce weak children. The coverture laws ensured that men would hold political power over their wives. By , many political leaders were convinced that slavery was undesirable, and should eventually be abolished, and the slaves returned to their natural homes in Africa. The American Colonization Society , which was active in both North and South, tried to implement these ideas and established the colony of Liberia in Africa to repatriate slaves out of white society.

However, after many abolitionists rejected the idea of repatriation to Africa. The slavery abolitionist movement among white Protestants was based on evangelical principles of the Second Great Awakening. Evangelist Theodore Weld led abolitionist revivals that called for immediate emancipation of slaves. A controversial figure, Garrison often was the focus of public anger. His advocacy of women's rights and inclusion of women in the leadership of the Society caused a rift within the movement. Rejecting Garrison's idea that abolition and women's rights were connected Lewis Tappan broke with the Society and formed the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. Most abolitionists were not as extreme as Garrison, who vowed that "The Liberator" would not cease publication until slavery was abolished.

White abolitionists did not always face agreeable communities in the North. Garrison was almost lynched in Boston while newspaper publisher Elijah Lovejoy was killed in Alton, Illinois. The anger over abolition even spilled over into Congress where a gag rule was instituted to prevent any discussion of slavery on the floor of either chamber. Most whites viewed African-Americans as an inferior race and had little taste for abolitionists, often assuming that all were like Garrison. African-Americans had little freedom even in states where slavery was not permitted.

They were shunned by whites, subjected to discriminatory laws, and often forced to compete with Irish immigrants for menial, low-wage jobs. In the South, meanwhile, planters argued that slavery was necessary to operate their plantations profitably and that emancipated slaves would attempt to Africanize the country as they had done in Haiti. Both free-born African American citizens and former slaves took on leading roles in abolitionism as well. The most prominent spokesperson for abolition in the African American community was Frederick Douglass , an escaped slave whose eloquent condemnations of slavery drew both crowds of supporters as well as threats against his life.

Douglass was a keen user of the printed word both through his newspaper The North Star and three best-selling autobiographies. The Underground Railroad helped some slaves out of the South through a series of trails and safe houses known as "stations. The American Anti-Slavery Society welcomed women. It was at this convention that Sojourner Truth became recognized as a leading spokesperson for both abolition and women's rights. Women abolitionists increasingly began to compare women's situation with the plight of slaves.

This new polemic squarely blamed men for all the restrictions of women's role, and argued that the relationship between the sexes was one-sided, controlling and oppressive. There were strong religious roots; most feminists emerged from the Quaker and Congregationalist churches in the Northeast. Alcohol consumption was another target of reformers in the s. Americans drank heavily, which contributed to violent behaviour, crime, health problems, and poor workplace performance. Groups such as the American Temperance Society condemned liquor as a scourge on society and urged temperance among their followers. The state of Maine attempted in to ban alcohol sales and production entirely, but it met resistance and was abandoned.

The prohibition movement was forgotten during the Civil War, but would return in the s. In this period, the United States rapidly expanded economically from an agrarian nation into an industrial power. Industrialization in America involved two important developments. First, transportation was expanded. Second, improvements were made to industrial processes such as the use of interchangeable parts and railroads to ship goods more quickly. The government helped protect American manufacturers by passing a protective tariff. The steady expansion and rapid population growth of the United States after contrasted sharply with static European societies. Visitors described the rough, sometimes violent, but mostly optimistic and forward-looking attitude of most Americans.

While land ownership was something most Europeans could only dream of, contemporary accounts show that the average American farmer owned his land and fed his family far more than European peasants, and could make provisions for land for his children. Europeans commonly talked of the egalitarianism of American society, which had no landed nobility and which theoretically allowed anyone regardless of birth to become successful. For example, in Germany, the universities, the bureaucracy and the army officers required high family status; in Britain rich families purchased commissions in the army for their sons for tens of thousands of pounds.

Rich merchants and factory owners did emerge in Europe, but they seldom had social prestige or political power. By contrast the U. Most rich Americans had well-to-do fathers, but their grandfathers were of average wealth. Poor boys of the s like Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller were two of the richest men in the world by Historians have emphasized that upward social mobility came in small steps over time, and over generations, with the Carnegie-like rags-to-riches scenario a rare one.

Some ethnic groups like Yankees, Irish and Jews prized upward mobility, and emphasized education as the fastest route; other groups such as Germans, Poles and Italians emphasized family stability and home ownership more. Stagnant cities offered less mobility opportunities, leading the more ambitious young men to head to growth centers, often out west. After , the United States shifted its attention away from foreign policy to internal development. With the defeat of the eastern Indians in the War of , American settlers moved in great numbers into the rich farmlands of the Midwest. Westward expansion was mostly undertaken by groups of young families.

Daniel Boone was one frontiersman who pioneered the settlement of Kentucky. In the s, the federal government forcibly deported the southeastern tribes to their own reservations in the Indian territory now Oklahoma via the " Trail of Tears ". There they received annual subsidies of food and supplies. Before the settlers arrived in the far west the fur trappers and Mountain men had their day.

As skilled hunters, they trapped beaver for eventual sale to the European fashion industry. After the demise of the fur trade , they established trading posts throughout the west, continued trade with the Indians and served as guides and hunters for the western migration of settlers to Utah and the Pacific coast. Analyze how western expansion contributed to growing sectional tensions between the North and South. Submit on Google Classroom. DBQ Chart. As the world is evolving, women are I have all my notes from the beginning of the year, but halfway through reading the APUSH textbook, I burned out on taking notes. Europe Since When you open your booklet and turn to the DBQ, you will see the instructions, the prompt, and then the documents.

Document Based Questions DBQ assess the ability of each student to work with historical sources in multiple forms. Start learning today! Welcome Back! Below is a link to your class syllabus and other Class Documents. For the next few days, we will focus on the last form of essay, which is commonly referred to as a DBQ. Powered by Create your own I used to wonder how a company can service an essay help so World War 1 Dbq Essay Ap World History well that it earns such rave reviews from every other student. Khan Academy. Explain the causes of the Great Depression and its effects on the economy.

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Are you looking to productively take advantage of the myriad of online resources? Answer a , b , and c. President Harry Truman made the decision to DBQ part, you will be given a minute mandatory reading time and 45 minutes to write the essay. With some practice and careful studying, though, DBQs can be a lot of fun. You'll get 20 more warranty days to request any revisions, for free. Free-Response Questions Download free-response questions from past exams along with scoring guidelines, sample responses from exam takers, and scoring distributions. Students will use historical thinking skills of causation and continuity and change to determine the status of African Americans during World War II and the impact they had on the war effort.

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