⚡ David Oshinskys Polio: An American Story

Saturday, October 30, 2021 7:12:02 AM

David Oshinskys Polio: An American Story



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Good, Bad and Ugly: The History of Polio Vaccines - Professor Gareth Williams

Polio, as it's known, is a disease that attacks the central nervous system and often leaves its victims partially or fully paralyzed. The hallmarks of the Polio Era were children on crutches and in iron lungs, shuttered swimming pools, theaters warning moviegoers to not sit too close to one another. On April 12, , we celebrate the 60th anniversary of a vaccine developed by Jonas Salk that prevented the disease and eventually led to its remarkable decline. The introduction of that vaccine in was one of the biggest medical advances in American history. A nurse prepares children for a polio vaccine shot as part of citywide testing of the vaccine on elementary school students in Pittsburgh in Think of it: Between and , Post-Polio Health International estimates in one table, more than , people in the U.

Thousands and thousands were paralyzed in this country alone. Within two years of the announcement, U. But, as is often the case, the statistics — even dramatic statistics — don't tell the complete story. So let's listen to a couple of contemporary Americans who lived through the horror talk about the disease — and about its defeat. David M. Walter A. Orenstein , 67, is a professor of medicine, pediatrics and global health at Emory University. He is also associate director of the Emory Vaccine Center.

Everyone was at risk, especially children. There was nothing a parent could do to protect the family. I grew up in this era. Each summer, polio would come like The Plague. Beaches and pools would close — because of the fear that the poliovirus was waterborne. Children had to say away from crowds, so they often were banned from movie theaters, bowling alleys, and the like. My mother gave us all a 'polio test' each day: Could we touch our toes and put our chins to our chest? Every stomach ache or stiffness caused a panic. Was it polio? I remember the awful photos of children on crutches, in wheelchairs and iron lungs. And coming back to school in September to see the empty desks where the children hadn't returned.

A nurse assists a year-old patient in an iron lung in Syracuse, N. AP hide caption. But mostly people mobilized to fight the disease by raising money for the March of Dimes, which promised us a life-saving protective vaccine. And, in the end, it gave us two vaccines — the injected killed-virus version of Jonas Salk and the oral live-virus version of Albert Sabin. Church bells tolled, factory whistles blew. People ran into the streets weeping. President Eisenhower invited Jonas Salk to the White House, where he choked up while thanking Salk for saving the world's children — an iconic moment, the height of America's faith in research and science. Vaccines became a natural part of pediatric care.

I David M. Ogra att tidigare faryngeala anti-polioantikroppstitrarna minskat faldigt vid tonsillektomier [61]. Laboratorievirus och vaccin som orsak till epidemier. Sture Blomberg. Nathanson and A. Neel et al. Xu, C. Liu, L. Yan, J. Li, L. Wang, et al. Braff, D. Lynn, and O. Ratner et al. A History of Poliomyelitis. With reference to interview with Dr. Solandt et al. Similar images can be seen in Gaza. Gabliks and L. Burgess and G. June 23, , pp. Gromeier et al. Merritt, R. Adams, and H. Donofrio et al.

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