✍️✍️✍️ Joseph Mccarthy: The Rise And Fall Of Communism
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Joseph McCarthy's Downfall Was Accusing the Army of Communism
In February , McCarthy, a Republican senator from Wisconsin, launched a massive campaign against alleged Communists and Soviet agents working for, and perhaps spying on, the U. In Senate hearings stretching across much of the first half of the s, he accused numerous U. He was bitterly opposed by powerful members of the Senate, by numerous high-ranking officials within both the Truman and Eisenhower administrations, and by the overwhelming preponderance of the press corps. He was finally censured by the U. Senate in December and died, possibly of effects of alcoholism, several years later. He was forty-eight. The demonizations, then and now, involve charges that McCarthy lied, badgered, intimidated, victimized innocents, and fanned the flames of a massive anti-Communist hysteria.
A typical account of his methods is provided by History. Bayley, , p. A letter from one person to another, which suggests unfit employees, would have made much less news than the illusion of an actual list of names. This lack of verification, was one of many press blunders that followed over the next few weeks. The legitimacy of the documents much like that of the accusations seemed never to have been verified by the reporters on sight. The letter from which the number is extracted is dated 26 July , rom Secretary of State James F.
Byrnes to Representative Adolf Sabath of Illinois. The breakdown of the document is simple and horrifying in that McCarthy was allowed to make such an accusation without the press confirming its source. The letter basically said that 4 employees of the state had been transferred, and of those 3 had been subjected to preliminary examination, from which a recommendation against permanent employment had been made in cases; 79 of these people had been refused government service.
Rovere, ,p. The letter never mentioned that the people were hired, or that any of them were Communists. The lies were spoken by McCarthy, but they were published by the press. Without any confirmation Desmond printed the story as did many other newspapers around the United States. What McCarthy had said was not only untrue, but it was preposterous. If he had a list where on earth would he have got it? Who would have gave it to him? The FBI? The State Department? Could he have worked it up himself? By not doing this they can be held responsible for creating a stage on which a genuine madman could preform and mislead the American public.
Television was just as easily manipulated by McCarthy as the newspapers were, and McCarthy successfully launched himself into the living rooms of the American public. Throughout the administration of Harry Truman, McCarthy attacked the president with allegations of being sympathetic to Communism. It may very well have been the atmosphere left by the claims that led Truman and the Democratic party to defeat in , and the subsequent victory of Dwight D. Eisenhower and he Republicans. He wanted to replace Eisenhower as the head of the Republican party, and he attempted to use the same tactics against Eisenhower that he used to dethrone Truman. McCarthy openly attacked Eisenhower in early with hopes of leading the Republican party.
Irving Peress was a former dentist who had been rafted and commissioned in October and promoted to major a year later under the automatic provisions law. All of this happened during the Eisenhower administration, and nothing had been proven about the actual beliefs of Peress but McCarthy used this incident and others like it to accuse Eisenhower of being sympathetic to the Communist cause. Willard Edwards of the Chicago Tribune said that; the American people had seen a kick in the groin, and they would not forget it.
The television stations would indirectly be responsible for delivering one of the final blows to McCarthy. McCarthy before this incident had always been given free air time from the networks NBC and CBS to respond to any type of comment spoken against him. Instead, as they were obligated to allow someone to reply, vice- president Nixon gave a response. McCarthy threatened to take the decision of the networks to the FCC, but other networks, newspapers and radio stations seemed to think that the law would favour the networks, and fully supported them in their decision. The movement of the press to stand up to Joseph McCarthy was as sudden and as devastating as a tidal wave. The only free air time he was given came from the Mutual Broadcasting System, but not until four days after the speech against him.
In this time period McCarthy had amounted two more formidable critics to answer. His name was Edward R. Bayley, ,p. He never really replied to Murrow.Willard Edwards of the Chicago Joseph Mccarthy: The Rise And Fall Of Communism said that; the American people had seen a kick in the groin, and they would Joseph Mccarthy: The Rise And Fall Of Communism forget it. In he ran for Sandra Bland Reflection. Brennan, Jr.