⌚ Positive And Negative Effects Of Reconstruction

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Positive And Negative Effects Of Reconstruction

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Positives of Reconstruction

Breast cancer surgery and removal of axillary lymph nodes increases the risk of lymphoedema, a chronic swelling of the affected arm. It may also develop in the breast, chest wall or back. A referral to a lymphoedema therapist at the first sign of any symptoms is crucial so that the condition can be managed without it progressing. Women who have had an axillary node dissection would benefit from an early discussion with a lymphoedema therapist to learn how to protect their arm and reduce the risk of developing lymphoedema in the future.

Read more about lymphoedema. A tight, uncomfortable cord-like structure can be felt and sometimes seen in the armpit and often extending down the arm. This restricts movement and requires referral to a lymphoedema therapist or physiotherapist. Treatment aims to release the tight tissue and restore a normal range of movement, and may involve stretching and flexibility exercises, massage, and appropriate pain relief.

Some therapists now use low-level laser therapy to hasten recovery. Cording is not associated with lymphoedema and does not raise the risk of developing lymphoedema. When recovering from breast cancer surgery, patients may have drains inserted into the axilla or chest wall and are advised not to raise their arms above 90 degrees until these are removed, to reduce the risk of bleeding and seroma formation. This sometimes results in restricted range of movement in the shoulder.

You should be given a programme of arm exercises post-operatively and it's very important to follow this and see a physiotherapist if you are not making progress. The range of movement in your shoulder should ultimately return to pre-surgery range if mobilised properly. Following axillary node dissection you may have an area of numbness, particularly down the back of the arm and in the axilla armpit. This may improve over time, although it may be permanent as some of the nerves which supply sensation to the skin are divided during surgery in order to remove the lymph nodes.

It's important to protect the numb area from sunburn, sharp objects or anything that may cause injury. All surgical procedures carry a risk of infection. It's important to report any changes such as redness, heat, swelling or increased pain in or around the surgical wound. Diabetes, obesity, older age and cigarette smoking are all associated with a higher rate of wound infection. If the blood supply to the skin and underlying tissues is compromised, oxygen supply to the cells is reduced.

This can sometimes happen when mastectomy skin flaps are very thin. All invasive breast cancers should be tested for both of these hormone receptors either on the biopsy sample or when the tumor is removed with surgery. About 2 of 3 breast cancers have at least one of these receptors. This percentage is higher in older women than in younger women. DCIS should be checked for hormone receptors, too. A test called an immunohistochemistry IHC is used most often to find out if cancer cells have estrogen and progesterone receptors.

The test results will help guide you and your cancer care team in making the best treatment decisions. Test results will give you your hormone receptor status. Otherwise the test will say the tumor is hormone receptor-negative. Hormone receptor-positive or hormone-positive breast cancer cells have either estrogen ER or progesterone PR receptors or both. These breast cancers can be treated with hormone therapy drugs that lower estrogen levels or block estrogen receptors.

Sometimes doctors recommend chemotherapy before surgery to shrink the cancer. With lumpectomy, a surgeon removes the lump from your breast. He or she also removes nearby lymph nodes the little oval-shaped organs that are part of your immune system to see if the cancer has spread. The surgery takes an hour or two. Most women spend the day at the hospital and usually do not need to stay overnight. For a mastectomy, your surgeon removes the breast and nearby lymph nodes to see if the cancer has spread.

Some women choose to have breast reconstruction external icon during the same surgery. Lumpectomies are usually followed by radiation therapy. It usually takes about 20 minutes per day. Most women go in four to five days a week for about six weeks. Cells from the cancerous lump may have spread somewhere else in your body. The goal of chemotherapy is to kill those cancer cells wherever they may be. Chemotherapy lowers the chance that your cancer will grow or come back. You may lose some or all of your hair within about two to four weeks of starting chemotherapy. Your hair will grow back starting around four to six weeks after your last chemotherapy treatment.

Most women feel sick and exhausted for a day or two after each chemotherapy treatment. If you feel queasy, your doctor can give you a prescription for medicine to treat the nausea. You may feel tired or have problems with thinking and remembering things after chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Most of those side effects go away a few weeks after therapy ends.

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